Conspiracy to change a heritage name “The Persian Gulf”

Conspiracy to change a heritage name “The Persian Gulf”

basra bahrefars

by  Dr. M.Ajam, member of GHGN

Historical and unique name of The Persian Gulf and its equivalents in different languages has been continuously in used since 3000 years ago in all languages, cultures, and all civilizations throughout the centuries and across the world. More than 2000 ancient literatures, books and maps belong to the past three millenniums, which contain this historical and heritage name are proof to the Persian Gulf as the right nomenclature. It was in 1952 after confiscation of British Petroleum properties by Iranian government that false and politically motivated title of Arabian Gulf was suggested by BP. then it was Roderick Owen (a British representative in the then colonialized Emirates) that for the first time put this suggestion in his book The Golden Bubble of the Arabian Gulf, This suggestion was later imitated by some Arab extremists and fanatic leaders and the BBC was first to support this dirty conspiracy.

Recent Distorting and denomenclature of the Persian Gulf name is not only an insult to the ancient cultures and injustice to the history and overall heritage of mankind but also an aggression to a universal accepted and established 3000 years ancient and heritage name. Assault to a heritage name is similar to the tragedy that happened to the museum of Baghdad on assaults of 12/4/2002 and both are criminal act.

Persian Gulf, has been recognized as the real and rightful nomenclature not only by all ancient and past writers and historical nations but also by all modern international organizations and Int. societies among them the followings:

1- United Nation.
2- UNCSGN-United Nation Conference on Standardization of Geographical Names.
3- UN Cartographic Unit Staff.
4- IHO-International Hydrographic Organization.
5- IMO- International Maritime Organization.
6- IAPO-International Associations of Physical Oceanography.
7- IHB- International Hydrographic Bureau.
8- United nation Documents on geographical names.
9- UNICODE-Encoding Standards Consortium.
10- ISO-International Standardization Organization.
11- IHA- International Hydrographic Association.
12- UNGEGN-United Nations Group on Geographic Names.
13- UNGIWG- United Nation’s Geographic Information Working group.
14- UNGIS- UN Geographical Information.
15- IAPO- International Association of Physical Oceanography
16- UNEP- United Nation Environmental Program.
19- WB- World Bank.
20- ICA- International Cartography Association.
Incomplitization and distorting this historical name, is an illegal and unconventional act and in contrast to the resolutions of the UNGEGN and UN Conferences on the Standardization of Geographical Names.

Converting this name by a new false name is a clear breach of international laws and regulations. If we don’t join hand this heritage name will be vanished by petro monies of the fanatic leader in region.

M.Ajam, member of GHGN
Guardians for Heritage Geographical Names and
Society for Historical Names. SHN .

For more information:
For detail in Persian language click:


Persian Gulf equivalents and synonyms = Mare de Persia -Sinus Persici- Mare Persio-Sinus Persico- Mare Persio- Mar Persiano-Sinus

Persico Mare Persio-Persiski Zaliv ,Persischer Golf ,Sino Persico . Pars sea- Bahre Fars . Bahre Ajam. Perza Obol- Porucha Wan-Parsitstsots- Persiste Habbugt. Persicus

.Persicon ¡ Persique. Persicum. Parsitstsots. Persidski.

hadair abad (3)


Members of Persian Gulf Organization and their guests attended a meeting in Tehran, Iran on Friday, December 23, 2005.

Members in the meeting were Mr. Sahab, Dr. Mojtahed-zadeh, Mohammad Ala, Pejman Akbarzadeh, Haana Nasserzadeh, Solmaz Ameli, Reza Zakeri. There were as many guests as members present at this meeting.

Before the start of discussions, we remembered ALL the members, specially, Javad Fakharzadeh, Mehdi (Daniel) Pourkesali, Amir Naghisineh-pour, Afshin Dastafshan, Mahan Abedin, Kaveh Farrokh,

 M.Ajam,  Reza Vatandoost, Ashkan Gorji, Arshia Etemadi, Behrang (Bryan) Lahiji, Siamak Ahi, Hooman Keshavars, Behrad Nakhai, Hamid Zangeneh, Davood Rahni, Moji Agha, Kamyar Kalantar, Mazdak Rooein, Nader Rastegar, Esfandiar Bakhtiar, Koorosh Arfaian, Omid Mehraban, and Shahram Mostarshed.

* It was emphasized by all the importance of learning about Iran’s culture and history so that our past mistakes should not be repeated. We agreed that we are “Irandoost” people; our love for Iran was evident in everything we talked about.

* Mr. Sahab mentioned that his company was working on new books for children and documenting more evidences about the Persian Gulf.

* We agreed to educate as many people as we could about Persian Gulf and its importance in Iran’s history as cultural rather than political means.

* It was agreed to work on the Western media. We should convince them about historical facts rather than worrying about what Arabs refer to Persian Gulf.

* Several suggestions were made about the PG website which in due time will be implemented.
* Several pictures were taken at the meeting which will be shared with you once they are developed. Thanks to Haana for taking the pictures.

There were plenty of Persian sweets, tea, fruits, and food to share and enjoy each other’s company. Pejman entertained us by playing piano songs of great singers such as Delkash, Hayeedeh, Banaan, and others. The meeting was the most successful meeting of Persian Gulf members and their friends since its inception in 1998 (both in terms of participants and ideas exchanged.)

Respectfully submitted,
Mohammad Ala, Board Member
Tehran, Iran

The Persian Gulf is one of the oldest commercial waterways of the world having strategic political, economic and social importance. The name Persian for this waterway dates back to thousand years ago, since the long dominant power overlooking and controlling it, at times, on both its northern and southern shores, were the various Iranian empires, such as the Achaemenid, the Seleucid, the Parthian, the Sassanid, the Buwaiyhid, the Seljuqid, the Ilkhanid, the Timurid, the Safavid, and the Qajarid.


In the closing decades of the 20th century, however, with the oil boom in the Arab states on the southern shores of the Persian Gulf, some mischievous elements tried to used the spurious term ‘Arabian’ for this crucial waterway, despite the fact that several of the sheikhdoms on the other side are Iranian and Persian in origin, such as Dubai, Ajman, Ras al-Khaimah, etc.

Today on April 30, the day on which in the year 1622, the Portuguese invaders were expelled from this waterway including the island of Bahrain by Safavid emperor, Shah Abbas the Great, the Islamic Republic has decided to name this day as Persian Gulf Day.

Based on historical documents, such as books of history, geography, and literature, written by various nations, such as Iranians, Arabs, Turks, Greeks, Romans, Indians, Chinese, Africans, British, Portuguese, French and others, this waterway has been Persian from time immemorial. It is strategically located, stretching from the estuary of the Rivers Euphrates-Tigris-Karoun to the Strait of Hormuz that links it to the Gulf of Oman.

Today also, on its entire northern side is Iran, while on its southern side are six Arab states. It has an area of 233 thousand square kilometers and after Mexican Gulf and the Hudson Bay is considered the third biggest gulf of the world. Through the Gulf of Oman, the Persian Gulf waters meet the Arabian Sea, which is an arm of the larger Indian Ocean. The Persian Gulf accounts for the daily transit of 40 percent of the world’s supply of crude oil.

On March 5, 1975 and January 1, 1999, the UN General Assembly issued statements clarifying that this waterway is the Persian Gulf, and not “Arabian” as alleged by mischievous elements. This spurious name cannot be found in any historical or geographical source, prior to the 1960s, and the Arabs were taught in schools and colleges that the official name is al-Khalij al-Farsi. Even Egypt’s president, Jamal Abdun-Nasser, the champion of Arab nationalism, used to refer to it as al-Khalij al-Farsi, or Persian Gulf.

Those behind the dubious efforts to change the name of the Persian Gulf are the enemies of the Iranian and Arab Muslims. The aim of these agents of colonialism and Zionism is to cause friction between the Iranian and Arabs, and in this plot, certain reactionary Arab regimes are involved. These plots became intensive following the victory of the Islamic Revolution in 1979 and Iran’s invitation to all Muslim states to knit ranks in the face of Global Arrogance.

In order to defeat this conspiracy, the Islamic Republic of Iran has brought to attention the bulk of historical and geographical literature in Arabic that refers to this waterway, since the earliest period of Islamic history, as Persian Sea or Persian Gulf. For instance, the famous historian and geographer, Abu’l Qassem Obeidollah ibn Abdullah, Khordadbeh in his book “al-Masalek wa’l-Mamalek”, has used the term Persian Sea.

Another prominent figure to call this Persian Sea was Abu Bakr Ahmad bin Mohammad, known as Ibn Faqih , in his book “Mokhtasar-ol-Boldan”. The celebrated geographer Ibn Houqal in his book “Sourat-al-Ardh” has referred to this waterway as Sea of Fars. In the book “Hodoud al-Alam min-al-Mashreq il’al-Maghreb”, which is the oldest book of geography in Arabic, the term Persian Gulf has been used. Among the modern Arab writers, Jurji Zaydan, Philip Khouri Hitti and the famous Egypt-based Arabic encyclopedia, “al-Monjed”, the term Persian Gulf has been used.

Thus in view of these facts, the feverish attempts since the closing decades of the 20th century are an exercise in futility, even though these Persian Gulf Arab states have printed books and prepared map with the distorted term Khalij al-Arabi. This is nothing but an exercise in futility in view of the ancient Arabic texts we have mentioned. The then US secretary of state William Rogers in his 1971 report regarding the foreign policy of Iran has used the term Persian Gulf.

Zbigniew Brzezinski the advisor to the then US President Jimmy Carter in his book titled “Game Plan” has used the term Persian Gulf. Former UN Secretary-General Kurt Waldheim in his book titled “Glass Palace of World Politics” has used the terms Persian Gulf while discussing the Iraqi imposed war on Iran. In the US Congress Library and New York Argo Library there are over 300 maps in which the name of the Persian Gulf has been registered. In the British Library, and London’s public documents centre, there are over 300 maps which mention the term Persian Gulf. The First International Laws Convention held in Geneva in 1958, the Persian Gulf was among the 20 waterway whose international sea rights were defined.


The United Nations which includes 22 Arab states as its members that always uses the geographical term Persian Gulf. In the UN convention for laws of Seas dated December 10, 1982, has mentioned the sovereignty of the Islamic Republic of Iran over the Persian Gulf. On August 10, 1984, the UN officially announced that the body of water on the southern coasts of Iran between the Hormuz Strait and the Tigris-Euphrates Estuary is Persian Gulf.

Thus it is clear that the geographical term Persian Gulf is correct and will remain Persian Gulf forever, which means no temporary country can ever erase it and replace with a spurious name.

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