A conference to mark the Persian Gulf National Day was held in the hall of the Foreign Ministry’s Office for Political and International Studies in Tehran on Wednesday with the participation of political experts. The 30th of April (10th of Ordibehesht in Iran’s calendar) was named the Persian Gulf National Day.
.Meantime, Iran’s former ambassador to Bahrain, Seyyed Mohammad Ahmadi, gave a speech on the necessity to pay special attention to this region by Iran. This expert of the international issues said the importance of the region of Persian Gulf is so much that the Americans have reached the area from thousands of kilometers away.Morteza Rahimi, Iran’s former ambassador to Muscat, was another lecturer at the assembly. He stressed that the attempts to change the true and original name of the Persian Gulf is nothing but a political move rooted in the British colony era. Moreover, the head of the bureau of Political Studies in the Foreign Ministry, Mostafa Dowlat-yar, said that today’s convention on the Persian Gulf National Day is indeed a symbolic move showing the importance of preserving historical identities. Referring to the fact that the name of Persian Gulf is registered officially at the UN, he reiterated that all the world countries are to respect the historical realities in all maps, books, and recorded or verbal works. The official also shed light on the efforts made by Iranian scientists to institutionalize the name of “Persian Gulf.”
Wednesday, 28 April 2010. ۱۰:۲۹
Ceremonies to Mark National Day of Persian Gulf Day Start in Iran.2010
“Introducing Persian Gulf as cradle of peace and friendship in the region, strengthening the cultural dialogue of the Islamic Republic of Iran with the neighboring countries and the rest of the world, indentifying and praising the superior creators of noble cultural, artistic, literal, scientific, research and historical works as well as helping to production and mass dissemination of these works in the field of Persian Gulf are among other objectives of the festival,” he aid.
Amirzadeh noted that in accordance with coordination with the Iranian foreign ministry the international aspect of Persian Gulf festival has been strengthened for the current year.
Provided by Syndigate.info an Albawaba.com company
April 29, The Iran Project – Iranian people held nationwide celebrations to commemorate the National Persian Gulf Day, the anniversary of the victory over Portuguese troops during a war in Persian Gulf in 1622.
National Persian Gulf Day is an annual observance in Iran that was first suggested in January 2004 and approved by the government in July 2005. It is celebrated on April 29 throughout the county, especially in the coastal cities of the gulf.
April 29, which marks the anniversary of the expulsion of Portuguese military forces from the Strait of Hormuz in 1622, has been designated as the National Persian Gulf Day to highlight its historical identity.
The Persian Gulf is a mediterranean sea that lies between Iran and the Arabian Peninsula. Its name has been disputed for decades. Historically and internationally it is known as the Persian Gulf, but some Arab countries insist on using the wrong name Arab Gulf. Iran only uses the historical name because it refers to the Persian Empire, the predecessor of present-day Iran. Scholars believe attempts to change the name of the Persian Gulf is aimed at undermining Iran’s influence in the region.The name Persian Gulf is actively promoted by the Persian Gulf Online Organization (PGO). In 2004, it offered the Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance to establish a new observance dedicated to the Persian Gulf. A year and a half later, National Persian Gulf Day was officially created.On Friday, museum of Persian Gulf Maps was inaugurated in Hormuz Island in a ceremony attended by Culture and Islamic Guidance Minister Ali Jannati concurrent with National Persian Gulf Day.Also, a ceremony has been held in Tehran on Thursday to deliberate on the importance of the strategic waterway and its significance for Iranians. April 29, 2016
Introducing a book
Documents on the Persian Gulf’s name the eternal heritage of ancient time . part 2
Documents on the Persian Gulf’s name the eternal heritage of ancient time . part 2
Documents on the Persian Gulf’s name the eternal heritage of ancient time” is a book and atlas written and compiled by Dr. M. Ajam. published on 2004. A second edition was published under the supervision of Dr. Pirouz Mojtahedzadeh and Dr.M. Ganji in 2009. The book was chosen as a candidate to receive prize of the best book of the year 2010 in Iran and was announced and ranked by the books authority of Iran among the best books in the last 50 years on the subject of ” Persian Gulf issues” in Persian language.
At the eleventh International Festival of Iran’s Best Researchs and Researchers of 2010, **this book received the Gold Coin of Excellence Award presented by the Vice President. This book has received many other awards and numerous other letters of appreciation among them a letter from former president Hashemi Rafsanjani.
This book was first published online in 2001.Then it was published in 2004 in color
And a newer version of it was released in 2009. The contents of this book have been repeatedly published in the Persian media. According to the recommendations of this book, * the Persian Gulf National Day* was registered by the Iranian government in 2005.
Part of the book was presented to the United Nations as a national report and published on its geographical site.
a summary of the book had been published on the UN website in 2006 under the title
:It also can be read in this address
part of the book also had been included in the book “Persian Gulf by Javad Nourouzi and translated and published into 10 languages : Persian, Arabic, English, French, German, Italian, Spanish, Russian, Chinese and Urdu
also a famous documentary film titled Persian Gulf Name in the Course of History by Orod Atarpour has been produced and broadcasted in IRIB TV and Press TV mainly based on the document of this book.
The book has 6 chapters and some document and maps
Summary of Chapter Three of the book “Documents on the Persian Gulf’s name the eternal heritage of ancient time
What’s in a name? For the Persian Gulf, quite a lot
The Persian Gulf and its equivalent in different languages has been in used continuously since 2500 years ago in all languages and all over the world specially in the Arab world so that Befor 1960s not even a single case of calling “the Gulf ” as the Arabian gulf been found in any text or map specially in Arabic language.
for the first time the new fake name was appeared in Arabic language in ۱۹۶۰s pan Arabism era.Not only ancient and past centuries texts and contracts but also all international organization and institutions also uses and recognize the term Persian Gulf as the valid and accurate term.
Below are Some Historical, Geographical and Legal reason for Validity of the Nomenclature: Persian Gulf .
۱- official and unofficial maps and documents in Arabic and other languages
۲- official and unofficial agreements and treaties.
۳-UN and international organization and international law.
۴- historical, religious and geographical books
۵- Arab scholars confess for Validity of the Nomenclature: Persian Gulf .
The necessity for the integrity and unity in writing geographical names and prevention of any ambiguity or multiplicity forced the UN to establish a legal foundation. In 1967, the first conference on the standardization of geographical names was held in Geneva with the participation of scientific and administrative commissions. In the same conference (Geneva), all the Arab countries strongly disagreed with the Israel’s suggestion for changing the name “Gulf of Aqaba”, calling it an improper action. Other countries supported the Arab nations’ concept and finally Israel withdrew its request . From a legal perspective, this action by the Arab countries can be used against themselves in a similar case. “Since 1971 when the incomplete phrase “the Gulf” was first used by a UN letter, protest notes were sent to the UN and it issued a correction and announcing the UN official’s rule.
۲٫۱٫ Naming Background of the Persian Gulf
“The Red Sea was introduced as the Arabian Gulf by Herodotos. In the world map Hecataeus (472 to 509 B.C), the Persian Gulf and Arabian Gulf (Red Sea) have been clearly shown. Also, in the world map of Diseark (285-347 B.C), the Persian Gulf and Arabian gulf are completely distinct”. The ancient Greeks called Pars Sea as “Persian Gulf” and Red Sea as “Arabian Gulf” .
۲٫۲٫ The Origin of Attempts to Distort the Name of Persian Gulf
According to many relevant studies, the origin of distortion dates back to 1960s, but whether the government of Britain or Arab countries first began the story requires further discussion. A group of researchers believe some Arab countries began to use the forged name with the spread of Pan-Arabism. The Arabism ideology seeks to unite the Arab world by certain principles and policies. Some other assert that Charles Belgrave and Roderick Oven, the British government agents, used the forged name “Arabic Gulf” in their books for the first time, after which it spread to Arab countries, and we do not encounter such name even in the books or writings of the Arabs, except for some historians and geographers calling the Red Sea “Arabian Gulf . In 1958, Abd al-Karim Qasim staged a coup in Iraq and claimed to be the leader of the Arab world, so he needed to propound the theory of foreign enemy in order to attract the Arab nations’ interest and attention. At that time, the Arab world led by the Egyptian colonel Gamal Abdel Nasser was engaged in a conflict with Israel . By changing the names “Persian Gulf” and “Khuzestan”, Abdel Nasser resolved to introduce Iran as a new enemy to the Arab world in order to direct attention from Cairo to Bagdad. He used this political game with history and geography as a pretext for creating a division between the Arab nations and Iran. However, since the coup and violent policies of the colonels of Bagdad failed to interest Arabs, Abd al-Karim Qasim’s propaganda found no place among them too . Not only Kuwait, which used to be under the fear and political pressure of Bagdad, signed its contract of independence with Britain as “Al-khalij Al-Farsi” (Persian Gulf) in 1958, there have also been tens of deeds and maps published in Iraq which used the true name “Persian Gulf” [۷
- ۳٫ THE MAJOR REASONS FOR DISTORTING THE NAME “PERSIAN GULF”
۳٫۱٫ The Disputes Between Iranians and Arabs Throughout History
The relations between Iranians and Arabs before and after the advent of Islam clearly explain the background of these disputes. Before the rise of Islam and in the period of Jahiliyya2, the Arabs, deprived of any civilization, were either subordinate to the Persian Empire or Roman Empire. As Islam spread all over the region and Iran and brought bliss and honor to the Arabs, the behavior of Arab states, contrary to the true teachings and principles of Islam, was based on race and ethnicity. However, Iranians soon retrieved their independence and honor. Despite some interactions between Iranians and Arabs at the dawn of Islam, they had conflicts too, for which the racial discrimination policies of Umayyad Caliphs were the main reasons. The Umayyad Regime was founded in AD 661 and lasted for near a century. They revived the ethnic and racial privileges, formerly annulled by the teachings of Islam. The Umayyad Caliphs discriminated against non-Arabs, especially Iranians. Iranians’ strong feeling of affection and devotion towards Ali ibn Abi Talib3 led to such discrimination. Despite the fact that Iranians warmly welcomed Islam, the aforementioned discrimination and unfair practice of Umayyad Caliphs triggered the conflicts .
۳٫۲٫ The Arab Extremists; an Escape from Identity Crisis
A part of this refers to the historical disputes between the two sides and the rest is related to the Arabs’ historical identity. The extremist groups consider forging a historical identity as the easiest way to escape from lack of a valuable identity. The Arab extremists’ attempts to distort the name “Persian Gulf” are rooted in an identity crisis. Lack of civilization before Islam is a notable example. As mentioned in the Quran1, in pre-Islamic Arabia, people used to bury alive female newborn infants because a daughter was considered a disgrace to the family. The Third Arab-Israeli War in 1967 which led to Israel’s decisive victory and also the unfavorable image of Arabs presented by Hollywood made them frantically endeavor to revive their lost reputation in the world.
۳٫۳٫ Non-Arab Self-Seeking Institutes
There are generally other groups that foment discord and benefit from it. Obviously, the project of distortion has been funded by petrodollars of Arab countries. A number of Western research institutes seized the opportunity and encouraged the regional Arab countries to advance the project. By providing forged deeds about the Persian Gulf, the aforementioned institutes would take a large amount of money. Two of the noblest sciences, law and history, were manipulated in order to distort the name “Persian Gulf”, hence, historians and legal experts were the most serious objectors to this distortion. In their view, invasion of a nation’s history means a moral transgression and signifies downfall of values .
۳٫۴٫ The Arab world’s Concern about Iran
In recent years, Iran’s effort to achieve the nuclear energy has caused some kind of fear in the Arab countries bordering the Persian Gulf which is the result of anti-Iran propaganda spread by the West, especially the US. Despite all peacemaking efforts of Iranian religious officials and politicians, Arab states are still concerned about Iran’s power. Not only will this concern be assuaged, it might deteriorate as well by orations or statements. All negative points contained in the history of Islam or even before Islam such as being Arab or non-Arab, Shiite or Sunni, etc. have been fixed in their mind and constantly provoked by the colonialist powers. This fear of Iran, albeit delusional, has caused an alliance in the Arab nations and consequently the iterative claims over the ownership of the Islands Abu Musa, Greater Tunb, and Lesser Tunb and also distortion of the name Persian Gulf have been a major issue in the Middle East.
- ۴٫ CONCLUSION & RECOMMENDATIONS
۴٫۱٫ Initiatives to Stabilize and Uphold the Name of Persian Gulf
In conclusion, there are 4 major reasons behind the distortion of Persian Gulf’s name: (1) Arab-Iranian relations throughout history before and after Islam; (2) the Arabs seeking to repair their international image;(3) the self-seeking institutes funded by Arab extremists; (4) fear of a nuclear Iran. On the whole, any act of distortion is considered a kind of aggression which must be accordingly responded. As the final section, we note some actions which need to be taken in order to stabilize and uphold the name of Persian Gulf, while illuminating the issue to the general opinion in the world.
۴٫۲٫ Holding Multiple Conferences on the Persian Gulf
Although considerable efforts have been made by Iranian scholars and intellectuals, more national and international conferences and research papers on the Persian Gulf are needed.
۴٫۳٫ Media Campaign
Given that the mass media have a substantial effect on the audience’s mind, it is suggested to launch a satellite channel named “Persian Gulf” broadcasting a wide range of news or documentaries with a focus on cultural and political events.
Sports and Cultural Activities
Setting up Iran Pro League with the new name “Persian Gulf Pro League” was one of the most proper decisions made by Iran Football League Organisation. Also, in the past years, a few friendly soccer
cups were held with the name Persian Gulf Cup in which the neighboring countries participated. It is noteworthy that some soccer teams from Arab countries (which politically have claims on the name of Persian Gulf) actively took part in the competitions. The authorities are highly suggested to pay more attention to such activities.
۴٫۵٫ Taking Advantage of Translation Industry
Although there are well-founded books about the history of Persian Gulf, a small number of them were translated into foreign languages. The authors suggest that the books about the Persian Gulf containing historical information, maps and deeds should be translated into the official languages of the United Nations (Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, and Spanish). In order to do this, Iran’s Supreme Cultural Revolution Council must provide the active support, because one of its goals is to formulate and advance policies and strategic plans of the country in different cultural issues. REFERENCES
 Documents on the Persian Gulf’s name the eternal heritage ancient time by Dr.Ajam
 M. Ajam, (2011a), Persian Gulf in the Arab Treaties and International Law, Journal of History & Geography, 155, 2
 M. Ajam, (2011b), Persian Gulf in the Arab Treaties and International Law, Journal of History & Geography, 155, 7
 United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names (2006), Historical Geographical and Legal Validity of the Name: Persian Gulf, available at:
Documents on the Persian Gulf’s name the eternal heritage ancient time is a book and atlas written and compiled by Dr. M. Ajam. published , 2004 and 2011
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